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Spent Fuel Reprocessing

The spent fuel is separated into un‐burnt uranium (96%), plutonium (1%) and waste (3%) products.The uranium and plutonium is recycled and sent to a conversion plant where they are blended into fresh fuel (mixed oxide fuel or MOX). Spent fuel sent for reprocessing is owned by the country from which it came and after it has been reprocessed, must be returned to the country of origin in some form. The MOX and waste is transported in specially designed transport containers, where the waste is stored for eventual disposal and the MOX to produce more energy in the nuclear reactor.

Related Images

Return of vitrified waste to Germany, Courtesy of AREVA
Rail transport of spent fuel, Courtesy of Direct Rail Services Ltd. (DRS)
Loading at Cherbourg Port, Courtesy of AREVA
Off‐loading spent fuel cask for radiological inspection, Courtesy of AREVA
Spent fuel transport cask, Courtesy of Nuclear Fuel Transport Co., Ltd.
Cask for fresh MOX fuel, Courtesy of AREVA
Spent Fuel Casks in Hold, Courtesy of International Nuclear Services
Unloading Operations, Japan, Courtesy of Nuclear Fuel Transport Co., Ltd. (NFT)
Road transport of spent fuel, Japan, Courtesy of Nuclear Fuel Transport Co., Ltd. (NFT)
Sellafield Site, Courtesy of Sellafield Ltd

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Package Types used for Transporting Radioactive Materials
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Safety Regulations Governing Radioactive Materials Transport
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Radiation Dose Assessment for the Transport of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Materials
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Radioactive Materials Transport - The International Safety Regime
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Nuclear Fuel Cycle Transport - The IAEA Regulations and their Relevance to Severe Accidents
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Radioactive Materials Transport - Industry Experience
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Radiation Protection Programmes for Road Carriers, Sea Carriers and Port Handlers

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